Old Norse Pronunciation Handout

:: ᚽᚢᛆᛐᛌᛁᚴᛁᚱ • ᛆᚢᛁᛆᛓᛆᛌᛆᛐᚢᛐᛁᚱ ::
Hvat segir þú?
Old Norse Pronunciation
Eyja Bassadóttir

 

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  • Scandinavian Iron Age 400-800
  • Viking Age in England 795-1066
  • Viking Age in Scandinavia 750-1050
  • Viking Age in Russia 750-1200
  • Old Norse language c. 600-1300
    • West Norse Dialect vs. East Norse Dialect

–> Old Icelandic, Old Norwegian, etc. –> Old Danish, Old Swedish, etc.

  • Standardized Old Norse
    • Created in the 19th c.
    • Based mostly on manuscripts from 13th c. Iceland
    • Period writing has vast variations in spellings
    • Period manuscripts have lots of abbreviations
  • Period attempt at standardization in 12th c., the First Grammatical Treatise
    • Gives valuable linguistic insight into Old Norse
    • Did not get adopted at all

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Rune Workshop Handout

:: ᚱᛆᚦᛆᛐ • ᛆᚢᛁᛆᛓᛆᛌᛆᛐᚢᛐᛁᚱ ::
Ráþ þat — Viking Age Runes
Eyja Bassadóttir

 

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  • c. 160: Vimose Comb inscription (Proto-Norse; oldest Elder Futhark)
  • 6th-7th c.: Björketorp & Stentoften Runestones (Proto-Norse, blend)
  • c. 620-650: Sutton Hoo burial
  • c. 650-700: Setre Comb inscription (blend of Elder & Younger Futhark)
  • 793: Lindisfarne
  • c. early 9th c.: Rök runestone (Old East Norse; Elder, Younger, Cipher)
  • 845: Vikings ransom Paris
  • c. 850: Östergötland 43 (Old East Norse; 1 Elder rune, Younger Futhark)
  • 862: Riurik & Rus rule in Novgorod
  • 867: Great Army takes East Anglia
  • c. 870: landfall of Iceland
  • c. 879: Danelaw boundaries drawn up, Oleg seizes control of Kiev
  • c. 895-890: Battle of Hafrsfjǫrðʀ
  • c. 900: Gokstad ship burial
  • 911: Rollo/Hrólfʀ given Rouen
  • 922: Ibn Falen journeys in Rus lands
  • 958: Gormʀ buried in Jelling complex by son, Harald Bluetooth
  • c. 980: Trelleborg fortress constructed
  • 985: landfall of Greenland
  • 1001: landfall Vínland/Newfoundland
  • 1008: Danelaw term first documented
  • 1066: Battle of Stamford Bridge
  • 1117-8: Grágas written

 

  • Viking Age in England 795-1066
  • Viking Age in Scandinavia 750-1050
  • Viking Age in Russia 750-1200

 

  • Old Norse language c. 600-1300
    –> Old Icelandic, Old Norwegian, Old Danish, Old Swedish, etc.

 

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